On 27 November in Egypt, at COP 14 of the Convention on Biological Diversity, IUCN announced the inclusion of the Côte Bleue Marine Park (PMCB) in the Green List of Protected Areas. This list includes 39 sites around the world, including about ten in France, the most represented country.
The PMCB was created in 1983 on the basis of experimental cooperation between public authorities and professional fishers to implement a programme for the sustainable development of this activity, the protection of the marine environment and public awareness. It extends over 19,000 hectares, and hosts an important underwater wealth, as well as the largest posidonia meadow in the department.
The PMCB is a co-construction with professional fishers for the creation of reserves that they have gradually considered as an important element of sustainability of their activity, to the point that the fishers themselves proposed in 1993 the creation of one of the 2 reserves of the park. Despite the fact that these are areas with a high level of protection, prohibited from sampling, anchoring and diving.
- The governance, with the long-term commitment of local authorities and elected officials.
- The close partnership with professional fishers since the beginning in 1983.
- The establishment of marine reserves, with a high level of protection and monitoring.
- The experimentation and innovation in management, particularly with artificial reefs.
- The scientific monitoring to measure the effectiveness of the measures put in place.
- The concern for education with the sea classes created in 1984.
- And the local support of residents and users for this approach.
The PMCB joins Cerbère-Banyuls Marine Natural Reserve, which has been on the green list since 2014. For the moment, they are the only two Mediterranean Marine Protected Areas that have been awarded the label.
More information on the green list:
IUCN is the largest international organisation working on the environment. Founded in 1948 in France, it is present in 160 countries and brings together several states and government agencies.
In 2014 it launched the Green List of Protected Areas, which aims to promote a positive approach to conservation and aims to recognise, encourage and value the successes achieved by protected area managers.
It measures the effectiveness of protected areas, rewards the best sites and encourages sites around the world to improve their management. The sites on the Green List are certified as being effectively managed and governed in an equitable manner, with a positive impact on people and nature. Certified sites are evaluated according to 17 criteria in four areas: robust planning, equitable governance, effective management and conservation results.
The IUCN Green List also measures and accelerates progress towards the achievement of Aichi Goal 11 for biodiversity at the United Nations. The latter aims to have 17% of land areas and 10% of marine areas protected, effectively conserved and equitably managed by 2020.