Thanks to the data provided by conservation organisations and institutions from all over the Mediterranean, IUCN-Med has worked to produce the Red List Assessment of the Mediterranean Fan Mussel (Pinna nobilis) which is now officially recognised and listed as “Critically Endangered” by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

The 1st Red List Assessment of Mediterranean SPONGES is also in preparation. Read more


Pinna nobilis

Due to the drastic population size reduction caused by the still ongoing mass mortality event and the fact that the causing pathogen is still present in the environment, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has included the Mediterranan Fan Mussel (Pinna nobilis) as as Critically Endangered species.

Furthermore, it has been classified as a species of Community Interest in need of strict protection by the European Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC) and as an Endangered Species by the Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean from the Barcelona Convention (Annex II).

Learn more on IUCN-Med’s factsheet: https://www.iucn.org/sites/dev/files/content/documents/pinna_nobilis_iucn_final.pdf

Recommended actions to handle the critically vulnerable situation of Pinna nobilis

IUCN’s recommendations aim to achieve a better understanding of the Pinna nobilis situation and to prepare an action programme in both affected and still unaffected areas, including:

  • Mapping the situation along all coasts, monitoring every 2-3 months to know the status of the populations and if any recruitment is happening even after the mortality event has occurred.
  • The populations in lagoons and enclosed bays have been less affected by these mortality events. These areas need to be closely monitored. It is important to develop actions to promote the survival of natural recruitment in these areas.
  • Identifying high-density Pinna nobilis hotspots. Targeted removal of pen shells from highly dense grounds to analyze breeding or replacement in areas where pen shells can’t be found (particularly in inner bays or small lagoons) are also recommended. Caution should be taken to translocate pen shells from the sea to other areas with Pinna to avoid transmission of the disease.
  • The eventual recovery of impacted populations will depend mainly on the existence of unimpacted populations, resistant individuals and recruitment. Therefore, it is extremely important to enhance larval recruitment and verify if larvae coming from unaffected sites or resistant individuals are reaching the impacted areas, thus potentially contributing to eventual recoveries. For further details, please read the following specific guidelines to construct and install Pinna nobilis larval collectors: https://www.iucn.org/sites/dev/files/content/documents/2019/larval_colectors_p._nobilis_guidance_-_pinna_nobilis.pdf

For further information: María del Mar Otero

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