Baseline data for marine protected areas planning and fisheries monitoring: potential conflicts between recreational IUU and commercial fisheries in the proposed “Taza” MPA (Algeria, SW Mediterranean)

Recreational fisheries (REC) have a great impact on marine ecosystems and create conflicts with other human coastal activities such as commercial small-scale fisheries (SSF). In the proposed Taza marine protected area (MPA) (Algeria, SW Mediterranean), recreational boat fishing is poorly

Strengthening monitoring, control and surveillance of human activities in marine areas beyond national jurisdiction: Challenges and opportunities for an international legally binding instrument

Monitoring, control and surveillance (MCS) is critical for the success of marine conservation and management. This raises specific challenges in the deep and distant waters of marine areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ), which is characterized by a fragmented governance framework