Mauritania is characterized by fast-growing fisheries that have developed over the past several decades from low levels of fishing to intense fishing and have led to severe decreases in biomass and severe signs of overexploitation. To ensure sustainable fisheries, a primary goal of science-based fisheries policy is to provide adequate conservation status of marine habitats that are directly, or indirectly, fundamental for the lifecycle of fish populations of commercial interest.
This study presents the economic value of the fish provisioning service of marine coastal ecosystems of the protected area of the National Park of Banc d’Arguin in Mauritania.
The results show that, overall, the average value for artisanal fisheries is about 1 million euros over the period 2006-2017. It is stated however, that it mainly benefits to the ship-owners, which generates inequalities and threatens livelihoods.
The authors calculated the contribution of the Park to fishing activities that occur within the Mauritanian Exclusive Economic Zone, resulting in 15%, representing an added value creation of 71 million euros.
This paper highlights the necessity of incorporating an ecosystem-based approach along with fishers’ knowledge and adaptability into future conservation plan of the National Park of Banc d’Arguin and fisheries management at the local, national and regional scale.
Trégarot et al. (2020) The role of marine protected areas in sustaining fisheries: the case of the National Park of Banc d’Arguin, Mauritania. Aquaculture and Fisheries https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aaf.2020.08.004