The FishMPABlue2 project is the follow-up of the FishMPABlue project (July 2014-June 2015) funded by Interreg MED Programme.
FishMPABlue carried out an analysis of the management of small scale fishery (SSF) within and around a set of Mediterranean MPAs, and developed a “regional-based governance toolkit” to strengthen MPA management capacity. The FishMPABlue Project aims to test this toolkit to demonstrate its effectiveness.
- Budget : 3,5 million euros funded ar 85% by Programme Med – 3 years Decc 2016 – Nov 2019
- Leader : Federparchi (Italie)
- Partners : MedPAN, CONISMA, WWF Adria, Nice Sophia Antipolis University, WWF Mediterranean, IUCN, APAM in France,
- Associated partners: GFCM, MedWet, AAMP, RAC/SPA, Institute of the Republic of Slovenia for Nature Conservation, Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment in Spain
The FishMPABlue project highlighted that fish stocks are healthier, fishermen incomes are higher and the social acceptance of management practices is fostered (in other words a successful management of small scale fisheries is reached) if a set of attributes is present in an MPA. Among these attributes : high MPA enforcement, presence of a management plan, fishermen engagement in MPA management, fishermen representative in the MPA board, and promotion of sustainable fishing.
The aim of FishMPABlue 2 is to test in the field the toolkit developed during FishMPAblue in anumber of pilot MPAs, to assess and quantify its effectiveness in achieving expected results in terms of MPA ecological effectiveness, benefits delivered to small scale fisheries and social acceptance of management measures by stakeholders.
Eleven Pilot MPAs located in 6 Mediterranean countries (Spain, France, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia and Greece) were selected during the FishMPABlue project. They illustrate most of the management conditions existing in the Mediterranean basin, thus allowing to test the effects of an important number of governing tools in an integrated way.
These MPAs are:
- Marine reserve of Es Freus, Spain (coordination WWF Mediterranean)
- Cabo de Palos Marine Reserve, Spain (coordination WWF Mediterranean)
- Fisheries reserve of Cap Roux, France (coordination UNS)
- Côte Bleue Marine Park, France (coordination MedPAN)
- Bonifacio natural reserve, France (coordination MedPAN)
- Torre Guaceto MPA, Italy (coordination Federparchi / Conisma)
- Egadi islands MPA, Italy (coordination Federparchi / Conisma)
- Portofino MPA, Italy (coordination Federparchi / Conisma)
- Telascica natural park, Croatia (coordination WWF Adria)
- Strunjan Landscape park, Slovenia (coordination WWF Adria)
- Marine natinal park of Zakynthos, Greece (coordination UNS)
In the first phase of the project, testing will be carried out by engaging MPA management body and local small scale fishermen, through the establishment of a “Local Governance Cluster – LGC”, in the selection of the set of governance tools to be implemented in each Pilot MPA.
Identified governance tools will then be implemented in each pilot MPA by the LGC, under the coordination of the MPA managing body and with the “coaching” of the relevant project partner. In this phase, a scientific monitoring will be carried out both before implementing the governance tools (“before phase”) and after its implementation (“after phase”), by UNS + Consima and the MPA managing body, in order to measure the ecological, economic and social status of the MPA and the potential effect of the governance tools.
In a last phase, testing results will be transferred and discussed among all the LGCs of the pilot MPAs, to upgrade the tested “governance toolkit”. This will allow the project partnership to prepare a new version of the “governance toolkit” and to disseminate it towards other MPAs in the Mediterranean.
In parallel a know-how exchange activity involving the 11 pilot MPAs will be carried out, in order to capitalize, exchange and transfer the results of the individual implementation, featured in communications tools (thematic brochures for example) and of several cross-fertilization formats (3 exchange visits, 1 training course, 1 experience exchange conference, dissemination at national level events, online platform) where the partners will be able to share common challenges and solutions.