Presented during the 2018 MedPAN experience sharing-workshop.
During 2009 – 2014 the LIFE+ INDEMARES project analyzed the human uses in the Menorca Channel (Balearic Islands, Spain) to identify overlapping between habitats and fisheries. Fishing activities and their potential impacts on benthic communities were studied, considering both small-scale and bottom trawls fisheries targeting demersal species.
The scientific knowledge compiled has informed recommendations for the management of bottom trawling in the area, resulting in the implementation of two areas closed to trawling. This regulation was adopted due to the presence of sensitive habitats and consequent obligation to comply with Article 4 of the Council Regulation (EC) 1967/2006 (21 December 2006), concerning management measures for the sustainable exploitation of fishery resources in the Mediterranean Sea.
At present there are no regulations implemented for small-scale fisheries but the IEO has conducted studies aimed to improve the selectivity of the trammel net fishery targeting spiny lobster and minimize its potential impacts. Most of the scientific recommendations have been voluntarily adopted by the artisanal fishermen community. These measures focused on changes in the material used in trammel nets and the reduction of soak times.
Contact: Sandra Mallol, David Díaz and Raquel Goñi, Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Spain (please contact MedPAN secretariat for details)