Climate change threatens the structure and function of marine ecosystems, highlighting the importance of understanding the response of species to changing environmental conditions. However, thermal tolerance determining the vulnerability to warming of many abundant marine species is still poorly understood.
Commercial small-scale fishing in the Mediterranean Sea accounts for more than 80% of the commercial fishing fleet. Commercial small-scale fishing competes with non-professional fishing, such as recreational and illegal fishing, however fisheries statistics usually fail to report non-professional fishing data.
Effective conservation planning requires biotic data across an entire region. In data-poor ecosystems conservation planning is informed by using environmental surrogates (e.g. temperature) predominantly in two ways: to develop habitat classification schemes or develop species distribution models. This study tested
The resistance of an ecosystem to species invasion is considered to be related to the abundance and diversity of native species. Theory predicts that the high native diversity in pristine systems can hinder the establishment and/or the spread of non-native
Chemical pollution is considered a factor that may threaten marine protected areas (MPAs). However, organized data on this topic are lacking. This study reviewed the literature on pollution in MPAs in order to compile data, determine whether MPAs are influenced
Marine protected areas (MPAs) are an essential tool for marine biodiversity conservation. Yet, their effectiveness in protecting marine ecosystems from global stressors is debated. Biological invasions area major driver of global change, causing biodiversity loss and altering ecosystem functioning. This
As a response to increasing human pressures on marine ecosystems, the legislation aimed at improving the conservation and management of marine coastal areas in European and contiguous seas underwent crucial advances. These areas, however, still remain largely affected by increasing
Recreational boating is a significant nature-based activity, which is especially popular in the Mediterranean region. This study analyses boating activity from 2006 to 2016 in the Portofino MPA (Italy, Mediterranean Sea) in order to evaluate the maximum turnout and to
Understanding how historical and contemporary processes shaped and maintain spatial patterns of genetic diversity is a mayor goal for conservation biologists. This study characterized the pattern of neutral genetic diversity and inferred underlying processes in the habitat-forming octocoral Paramuricea clavata
When properly managed, marine protected areas (MPAs) serve as tools that are potentially able to deliver both conservation and fisheries benefits. This is particularly true for small-scale fisheries when fishermen are engaged in management and collaborate with MPA managers and