The Port-Cros National Park (PCNP) was established in 1963. It encompassed the Island of Port-Cros and the neighboring island and islets (the Port-Cros Archipelago). Progressively, the PCNP has been entrusted with the management of an increasing number of territories outside the initial territory of 1963.
The management of the marine area of the Port-Cros Archipelago Marine Protected Area (MPA) can clearly be referred to the Multi-Use Management (MUM) type, characterized by a complex zoning of the marine part of the MPA, based upon the uses, the goals of conservation of the habitats and the ecosystems and priorities clearly displayed (artisanal fishing rather that recreational fishing).
Taking the opportunity that offers one of the oldest Mediterranean MPAs, with exemplary protection and an exceptional level of scientific knowledge, as the authors state, this study assessed the species diversity, the biomass and the tropic structure of fish assemblages in 5 habitats (shallow rocky reefs, deep rocky reefs, shallow Posidonia oceanica meadows, deep P. oceanica meadows adjacent to circalittoral habitats soft bottoms and coralligenous habitats), by sector and type of management.
The authors state that overall, the exceptional preservation of the natural heritage around the archipelago of Port-Cros, the richness in fish, especially in top predators, and the compatibility with a sustainable artisanal fishery, are the result of an original type of management (MUM management), a severe restriction of the artisanal fishing effort, the prohibition of recreational fishing, effective surveillance and 55 years of rigorous management of human activities.
Astruch P et al. (2018) A quantitative and functional assessment of fish assemblages of the Port-Cros Archipelago (Port-Cros National Park, north-western Mediterranean Sea). Sci. Rep. Port-Cros natl. Park 32:17-82.