The Natura 2000 network is the centerpiece of the European Union conservation strategy to safeguard priority species and habitats. The question whether other co-occurring species of conservation concern may also benefit from this network, however, remains largely unknown.

This study used a systematic approach (MARXAN) to: 1) evaluate if the Natura 2000 network in the Alboran Sea (W Mediterranean), initially proposed to protect the common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) and priority habitats, is also spatially protecting the endangered common dolphin (Delphinus delphis), and 2) identifying additional marine areas that should be protected to reach adequate conservation targets for the common dolphin.

It is shown that, while the current Natura 2000 network encompass ca. 22% of predicted abundances for common dolphins, this percentage might be enhanced by protecting coastal areas nearby the Strait of Gibraltar. However, the authors stress that dolphins and fisheries largely overlap spatially nearby the coastline, and only segregate in offshore areas that represent the marginal distribution of the species.

It is concluded that conservation decision-makers must achieve a trade-off between cetacean conservation and fisheries by combining an area-based approach (i.e., new protected areas close to the Strait of Gibraltar) together with a basin-wide threat-based approach (e.g., regulation of fisheries).

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0141113621000611

Giménez et al. (2021) Expanding protected areas to encompass the conservation of the endangered common dolphin (Delphinus delphis) in the Alboran Sea. Marine Environmental Research 168: 105305