Successive IPCC reports show that the impacts of greenhouse gas emissions on the planet are accelerating and scientific projections indicate that impacts will continue to intensify for at least another half century before the effects of emissions reductions may begin
Marine protected areas (MPAs) are an essential tool for reversing the global degradation of ocean life. Hence, it is important to know which types of MPAs are more effective, and under which conditions. This short paper shows, through a meta-analysis
Current debates about the efficacy of no-take marine reserves in protecting large pelagic fish such as tuna and sharks have usually not considered the evolutionary dimension in this issue, which emerges because the propensity to swim away from a given
Shifts in the abundance and location of species are restructuring life on the Earth, presenting the need to build resilience into natural systems. This study tested if protection from fishing promotes community resilience in temperate reef communities undergoing rapid warming.
Managers of marine protected areas (MPAs) are constantly challenged to encourage positive user behaviour to minimise impacts on marine ecosystems while allowing recreational use. Yet, some marine users continue to act in ways that diminish conservation values of the area.
The oceans appear ideal for biodiversity – they have unlimited water, a large area, are well connected, have less extreme temperatures than on land, and contain more phyla and classes than land and fresh waters. Yet only 16% of all
Action is needed to conserve and manage the marine environment in order to maintain healthy ecosystems and human wellbeing. This is particularly true in a world with mounting anthropogenic threats, including overfishing, pollution, coastal population growth, biodiversity loss, habitat destruction
Monitoring fish assemblages is needed to assess whether Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are meeting their conservation and fisheries management goals, as it allows to track the progress of recovery of exploited species and associated communities. This study proposes an improvement
Assessing the value of natural capital in marine protected areas: a biophysical and trophodynamic environmental accounting model Changes imposed to nature by human activities and related impacts on all environmental matrices have become a critical issue. Gradually, humans began to
Studies on the quality of marine environments in Italy have traditionally favoured heavily impacted areas, such as harbours and industrial areas, while there are a few investigations aimed at the evaluation of the presence of organic pollutants in marine reserves.